九龍巴士 Kowloon Motor Bus按此前往車型分頁目錄 Click here direct to the sub-pages directory
First established in 1921, Kowloon Motor Bus (KMB) not only is the largest but also the most historic bus operator in Hong Kong. The first two service run by KMB was origin from Tsim Sha Tsui to Sham Shui Po and Kowloon City respectively. In 1932, as the Government felt that a regulated bus service would serve the public better, interested parties were invited to tender for operating bus services under exclusive franchises either on the Hong Kong Island or in Kowloon where New Territories was included. KMB was successfully awarded to be the Kowloon side bus service franchised operator in Jan., 1933. KMB absorbed other bus operators in Kowloon before the franchised effective from Jun., 1933 and it registered name was changed to Kowloon Motor Bus Company (1933) Ltd. on 13 Apr., 1933.
The fleet size of KMB reached 140 with 17 routes operated by the time of the Japanese Occupation in Dec., 1941 and during the occupation period, the service of KMB almost ceased with only two routes still running in 1944 as fleet was requisitioned by the occupying force. After Liberation on 30 Aug., 1945, only 17 pre-war buses can be found and 6 of them were capable of moving under their own power, though not roadworthy. It was not until Feb.,1946 with the help from the civilian authorities, lorry-buses based on military truck chassis was introduced to relief the pressure on resumption of service. In addition, population of Hong Kong was soared brought from the influx of the people from the mainland after the war, it was a high time for KMB to acquire more buses to cater the demand. After a visit to Daimler in UK, later become the main bus supplier of KMB in the coming 30 years, the management of KMB placed an order of 20 CVG5 double deckers and first 4 can be immediately delivered in Dec., 1948 and commissioned on 17 Apr., 1949.
KMB expanded it networks rapidly between 1950s and 60s as a result of the economic growth brought by both immigrants and funds from the mainland China and it was listed in the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in 1961. To enhance fleet operation efficiency and routine maintenance, a purpose built bus depot cum headquarters building was constructed in Po Lun Street, Lai Chi Kok in 1965. On 5 Aug., 1972, just three days after the opening of the Cross Harbour Tunnel, a joint operated bus service with CMB across the harbour was introduced and resulted in a substantial revenue. Moreover, "One Man Operation" was introduced along with the cross-harbour bus service and started the era of pay at abroad. KMB launched luxury bus services in 1975 including route 200 and 201 both linking Kai Tak Airport and Central and Tsim Sha Tsui respectively. The luxury bus services cannot be considered as successful, however, the Airbus service was first successfully converted into full air conditioned bus operation in 1985. We first saw the delivery of 12m 3-axle double deckers in 1981 when MCW supplied it Super Metrobus to KMB for evaluation and more than 300 12m 3-axle double deckers from different manufacturers were entered service between 1983 and 1986. A shorter version of 3-axle double deckers which 11n in length was first acquired in mid. of 1980s to maintain a high carrying capacity with better maneuverability and once to be the standard in KMB fleet. A multi-story bus depot for comprehensive fleet maintenance, KMB's Overhaul Centre, was completed in 1984 and listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest multi-story bus depot in the world.
KMB keep innovative in improving bus service quality and in pursuit of higher revenue, a Bedford YRQ mid-engined coach fitted with air conditioning driven by an auxiliary engine was first introduced in 1975 and serving the Kai Tak Airport routes. The first air conditioned double deckers was supplied by Dennis in 1980 to upgrade the luxury bus services standard and against the competition from the MTR, however, all these trials mentioned above cannot gain any success as their immature design. As to provide better service to tourists, a fleet of 20 Dennis Falcon air conditioned coach was purchased for the Airbus service in 1985 and as mentioned above, full air conditioned bus service was first successfully launched within KMB networks. MCW delivered an air conditioned Super Metrobus 11m to KMB in 1987 for evaluation but it was finally converted back to conventional version as a result of poor performance. Another air conditioned Olympian demonstrator was sent from Leyland, another main supplier of KMB, for evaluation in 1988. This demonstrator was registered as DX2437 and later classed as AL1 was successfully started the chapter of air conditioned bus service in Hong Kong franchised bus history.
As a response to the spirit of equal opportunities advocated by the government, KMB launched it first super low floor bus, the Dennis Dart SLF which named as "Easy Access Bus" in 1996 along with the promotion of air conditioned bus service. In addition, a new subsidiary company Long Win Bus (LWB) was set up in the same year to tender bus service operating in Tung Chung New Town and the new Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok and finally, LWB was awarded with the franchised for serving routes linking the New Territories and the Northern Lantau with the first service commenced operations on 22 May, 1997. Besides an service extension in the Northern Lantau, a new shuttle service between Lok Ma Chau and Huanggang Port launched on 20 Mar., 1997 was run by Art East Co., Ltd, now known as New Hong Kong Bus (NHKB), which was a joint venture set up by KMB and a Shenzhen bus operator in Jan., 1996. Further 10 Dennis Dart SLF were joined KMB in 1997, however, super low floor single decker cannot cater the demand under operation environment in Hong Kong and Dennis provided a solutions with the first super low floor double deckers, Dennis Trident to KMB for revenue evaluation on route 1A since Nov., 1997. Meanwhile, The Kowloon Motor Bus Holdings Limited was established in 1997 and became the ultimate holding company of the KMB Group. KMB Group further expanded their business into the non-franchised bus sector by setting up Sun Bus in 1998 and to be the second largest non-franchised bus operator at present. The Kowloon Motor Bus Holdings Limited was renamed Transport International Holdings Limited to demonstrate the Group's vision to become a world-class public transport innovator in the Greater China region in Nov., 2005.
Back to early 1990s, KMB together with MTR, KCRC, City Bus and the Hongkong and Yaumatei Ferry (HYF) established a joint venture Creative Star Limited, for developing contactless smart card technology for fare collection which later known as Octopus. KMB first introduced Octopus in 1997 and with all its buses equipped with Octopus Card readers in 2000. In the same year, Roadshow which was the first Multi-media On-board (MMOB) in Hong Kong introduced and offering infotainment to passengers during their journey. KMB keep on improving service standard during the 21st century and we saw the first Euro 3 emission standard bus joined KMB fleet in 2001 and in the following year, Park Island Transport Co., Ltd., was jointly set up by KMB and Kowloon Ferry Holdings Limited to provide public transport service to and from Park Island, a large scale residential project at Ma Wan developed by Sun Hung Kai Properties Ltd. In 2003, KMB launched the second generation super low floor double deckers, the "Super Bus", which featured a straight staircase and wider bus compartment. As a result, passengers can enjoy better service and have a more comfortable riding experience. Furthermore, a more environmental friendly Euro 4 emission standard bus was acquired by KMB in 2007.
Started from the introduction of air conditioned bus service in the 1980s, KMB aimed at providing full air conditioned operation and after the last "Hot-Dog" bus departure on route 16 in the midnight of 9 May, 2012, not only indicated whole KMB fleet was air conditioned as other franchised operators in Hong Kong, but also the "Hot-Dog" buses become a part of Hong Kong transport history. KMB and Alexander Dennis co-developed a new generation Enviro500 (known as Enviro500MMC) in 2013 which complied with a Euro 5 emission standard along with latest safety features and a more comfortable ride. In addition, different alternative energy buses were evaluated by KMB with the first was supplied by SUNWIN from Shanghai, this Supercapacitor Bus was named as "gBus" and delivered for evaluation in 2010 and followed by another Supercapacitor Bus, the "gBus²" by YoungMan in 2012. These demonstrators was left-hand drive and never be registered and put on revenue service for trial. BYD from Shenzhen sent a right-hand drive K9D, a battery-powered electric bus, to KMB for testing in 2013 and it was known as "eBus" during it revenue evaluation on route 2.
With the help of Pilot Green Transport Fund offered by Environmental Protection Department, KMB placed order for different alternative energy buses which included: A batch of 3 Euro VI engine hybrid bus “hBus” from Alexander Dennis which commissioned in 2014; 8 YoungMan Supercapacitor Bus which started delivered since Jan., 2015 and started their trial on revenue service in Sha Tin and Kai Tak since 2017 and 2019 respectively; BYD successfully won the tendered for supplying it K9R battery-powered electric bus and put on different routes for trial after KMB took the delivery since Nov., 2016. Another milestones was made on 6 Jul., 2017 when the last Dennis Baby Dragon completed it final duties on route 8, marked the end of the era of step-entranced buses in KMB fleet. Moreover, KMB revealed it new corporate image as well as the new slogan “Heartbeat of the City” in Jun., 2017.
Fleet renewal programme still actively undergoing and as the end of Jun., 2022, instead of the Euro 6 diesel-powered buses, we can see KMB also took the delivery of 12 BYD B12A electric buses and put on the road since the end of Apr., 2022. Though without any subsidies from HKSAR Government, KMB purchased a total of 52 battery-powered electric double deckers from BYD and Alexander Dennis and expected to be entered service in 2023. KMB already announced no more diesel-powered buses would be procured and hydrogen fuel cell technology will be another option besides battery-powered buses.
最後更新 Last Updated : 25 Jul. 2022
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|車型 Vehicle Types||
最後更新 Last Updated
|利蘭勝利二型 Leyland Victory Mk 2||
|都城嘉慕都城型 Metro Cammell Weymann Metrobus||
|丹尼士統治者 Dennis Dominator||
|丹尼士飛鏢 Dennis Dart||
|丹尼士長矛 Dennis Lance (九巴KMB)||25/07/2020|
|丹尼士長矛 Dennis Lance (龍運 LWB)||25/07/2020|
|丹尼士巨龍 Dennis Dragon||
|丹尼士三叉戟 Dennis Trident||
|亞歷山大丹尼士Enviro400 Alexander Dennis Enviro400||02/12/2020|
|亞歷山大丹尼士飛鏢E200 Alexander Dennis Enviro200Dart||12/08/2017|
|富豪超級奧林比安 Volvo Super Olympian||
|富豪 B7RLE Volvo B7RLE||03/06/2020|
|富豪 B9TL Volvo B9TL||26/10/2014|
|豐田 Coaster Toyota Coaster||20/05/2013|
|三菱 MK Mitsubishi MK||
|比亞迪 K9D BYD K9D||19/06/2017|
|比亞迪 K9R BYD K9R (九巴 KMB)||31/05/2018|
|比亞迪 K9R BYD K9R (龍運 LWB)||31/05/2018|
|比亞迪 B12A BYD B12A||13/08/2022|
|宇通 ZK6128HG1 Yutong ZK6128HG1||25/03/2016|
|青年 JNP6122UC YoungMan JNP6122UC||18/05/2020|
|猛獅 NL323 MAN NL323 (陽光巴士 Sun Bus)||不日推出 Coming Soon|
|Wright Streetdeck (陽光巴士 Sun Bus)||不日推出 Coming Soon|